Abstract
UTILIZATION AND NUTRITIONAL EVALUATION OF BABUL BARK (Acacia Arabica) FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF VALUE ADDED PRODUCT TO IMPLEMENT ON THE DIABETIC PATIENT

Jaya Sinha* and Zeba Naz

ABSTRACT

Babul bark is worldwide distributed. In India it is widely observed from Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Bengal and Orissa. Babul tree is of significant importance in Ayurveda, Unani medicine and African folk medicine. Babul tree contains Arabinose, Galactose, Rhamnose and Glucuronic acid. Barks are rich source of micronutrients such as Vitamin-C, Iron, Calcium, Carbohydrate (found in babul in less amount in polysaccharide form). It is a richest source of Tannins which are responsible for reducing Blood sugar level. The study was undertaken with the objectives (i) to process Babul bark in powder form and find out the component changes after dehydration (ii) To introduce the babul plant as medicinal uses for reducing the complication of diabetes by preparing biscuits enriched with babul bark powder (iii) to assess the organoleptic quality of biscuits enriched with babul bark powder (iv) To evaluate the effectiveness of babul bark biscuits on diabetic patient after intervention. The present study was an attempt to utilize the medicinal bark to develop value added product namely namkin biscuits and its effect on diabetic patients for reducing the Blood sugar level (BSL). Babul bark were dehydrated by tray drying and nutrient estimation of dehydrated babul bark powder was done for protein, fat, ash, moisture, crude fibre, iron, calcium and vitamin-C. Organoleptic test of the product was done by nine point hedonic scale. For intervention 100 respondents aged between 27-80 years were randomly selected from different hospitals of Ramgarh district of Jharkhand and was divided into two groups of 50 each. One was control and the other was experimental. The nutritional status of the patients was recorded through dietary survey. BSL was estimated with alkaline citrate method for both the groups before and after intervention to see the effect of biscuits. The data collected were analysed statistically by using mean, standard deviation, standard error, ANOVA and paired„t‟ test. The nutrient estimation per 100 gm of dehydrated babul bark shows that it is a good source of iron (140mg), fibre (18 g), Vit- C (25.3 mg), and calcium (2939 mg). It is low in fat (2 g) and it contains 58 g carbohydrate in polysaccharide form. A significant difference was found between the color, flavor, texture, taste and over all acceptability of the biscuits enriched with babul bark powder on applying ANOVA test. The mean age of the respondent was 46 years. 87% were non-vegetarian. The energy and fibre intake of respondents in both the groups was less than the RDA. On applying analysis of variance test it was found that there was no significant difference in intake of different nutrients in both the groups. On applying paired„t‟ test a significant difference was found in fasting and PP glucose level of experimental group which was intervened with namkin biscuits enriched with babul bark powder for one month in comparison to the control group. It was concluded that namkin biscuits enriched with babul bark powder was effective in reducing BSL in diabetic patient.

Keywords: BSL- Blood sugar level, PP-Post Prandial, F-BSL- Fasting blood sugar level, ANOVA-Analysis of variance, RDA-Recommended Dietary Allowances.


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