Abstract
THE STATUS OF IODINE AND LEVEL OF SALT IODIZATION IN TWO NORTH COASTAL ANDHRA DISTRICTS

Appalanaidu Pappala*

ABSTRACT

This study revealed that success of salt iodization program in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The present paper aims to establish the status of iodine and level of salt iodization in the north-coastal districts. It helps to increase the status of Iodized salt consumption and to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of food caterers and retail shop holders about Iodized salt and Iodine deficiency disorders. A Cross-sectional community based on field surveys was carried out in north-coastal districts namely Visakhapatnam and Vizianagaram of Andhra Pradesh state. Data were collected in each district through subjective approach. A total of 10286 salt samples were collected. It reveals that Iodine content of salt samples at households ranged from < 1 ppm - > 15 ppm and that of the samples at residential hostels, anganwadi centers and retail shop holders ranged from 15 ppm to > 30 ppm. Nearly 57.45% of the total population in the study area was found to be consuming iodized salt (> 15 ppm), followed by (69.23%) of Visakhapatnam district. Therefore, strict surveillance, with continuous monitoring and evaluation of the distribution of adequately Iodized salt and its proper sage in the area is required for the targets to be achieved in the future.

Keywords: Iodine Deficiency Disorders, North-Coastal, Iodized Salt, Visakhapatnam and Vizianagaram.


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