Abstract
ATTITUDE OF NURSES IN FEDERAL PSYCHIATRY HOSPITAL CALABAR IN CROSS RIVER STATE TOWARDS THE APPLICATION OF NURSING PROCESS IN THE CARE OF SCHIZOPHRENIC PATIENTS

Chabo, Joy Awu U.* and Akpan-Idiok, Paulina Ackley

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the attitude of Nurses in Federal Psychiatry Hospital Calabar towards the application of nursing process in the care of schizophrenic patients. Methodology: Five research questions and four hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The descriptive survey design was employed. The purposive sampling technique was used to select the sample size. The population comprised of all the Nurses in the Federal Psychiatry Hospital Calabar. A sample of 7 wards and 50 Nurses were selected for the study. A four point Likert scale questionnaire with 0.76 reliability correlation coefficient developed by the researchers was used for data collection. The data gathered were analyzed using X2, t-test and Pearson Product Moment correlation coefficient. All the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Results: The result of the study revealed that higher qualification by Nurses and the attitude of Nurses do not significantly influence the care of schizophrenic patients. The study also revealed that no significant difference exist between the attitude of Nurses in acute and chronic wards. It was observed that a strong positive relationship exist between the knowledge acquired by Nurses through workshops and seminars and the application of nursing process in the care of schizophrenic patients. The test of the fifth research question using mean and standard deviation revealed that there were obvious barriers to the application of nursing process in the care of schizophrenic patients. The barriers identified included: poor knowledge of nursing process by the Nurses, no policy in hospital to support the use of nursing process and lack of materials. Conclusion and recommendations: The knowledge of the Nurses about nursing process is poor. The nurses possess positive attitude toward their patients and their attitude is not influenced by ward placement. Recommendations made included that high level advocacy/sensitization should be carried out to enable the administrative team of the hospital buy into the idea of using nursing process for patients’ care and that seminars should be conducted for all Nurses to give them up to date information about nursing process.

Keywords: Nurses’ Attitude, Nursing process, Schizophrenia.


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