Abstract
ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY SCREENING OF ALLIUM TUNCELIANUM

*Kerem Canli, Ali Yetgin and Ergin Murat Altuner

ABSTRACT

Allium tuncelianum is locally cultivated in Tunceli, Turkey and it is an endemic garlic species. Antimicrobial activity of A. tuncelianum was tested against nine gram negative and eight gram positive bacteria (17 bacteria) including species of Bacillus, Enterobacter, Enterococcus, Escherichia, Klebsiella, Listeria Pseudomonas, Salmonella and Staphylococcus. By using Candida albicans, antifungal activity against also was investigated. Three different processes, namely chopping, freezing and silencing were applied before extraction and the antimicrobial activity of A. tuncelianum ethanol extract was analysed with disk diffusion method. The results were presented that A. tuncelianum has important antimicrobial potential against C. albicans DSMZ 1386, B. subtilis DSMZ 1971 and E. faecium, but its anti-candidal activity is greater than antibacterial activity.

Keywords: Allium tuncelianum, garlic, antimicrobial activity, disk diffusion test, bacterial strains, fungal strains.


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