Chandra Saleride, Paul Raj K. and Johnson M.*


Objectives: The present study was aimed to reveal the qualitative phytochemical profile of Adiantum latifolium Lam. whole plants, stem and leaves extracts of Angiopteris evecta (Forst) Hoffm. and Marattia fraxinea Sm. Methods: The powdered samples of A. latifolium, A. evecta and M. fraxinea were extracted with various solvents viz., petroleum ether, chloroform, acetone and ethanol using soxhlet apparatus with 1:6 ratio (w/v). The phytochemical constituents of selected ferns were analysed by using Harborne method. Results: The number of phytoconstituents occurrence in the studied extracts of Adiantum latifolium were as follows chloroform (8/10) > petroleum ether (6/10) = acetone = ethanol. Flavonoids, tannins, terpenoids, phenols, cardiac glycosides and steroids were present in all the tested extracts of A. latifolium. The number of phytoconstituents occurrence in the studied extracts of Angiopteris evecta leaves and stem were as follows chloroform (8/10) > petroleum ether > acetone = ethanol. All the studied leaves and stem extracts of Angiopteris evecta demonstrated the presence of steroids, phenols, terpenoids, tannins and flavonoids. The number of phytoconstituents present in the studied extracts of Marattia fraxinea leaves were as follows chloroform > petroleum ether > acetone = ethanol. In Marattia fraxinea stem, maximum metabolites were observed in the chloroform extracts followed by petroleum ether = ethanol. In the leaves and stem extracts of Marattia fraxinea, flavonoids, tannins, terpenoids, phenols and steroids were commonly present in all the screened extracts. In the present study also flavonoids, alkaloids, phenols, terpenoids, saponins, tannins, steroids, cardiac glycosides and carbohydrates were observed in the studied ferns with varied frequency. Conclusion: The phytochemical results suggest that chloroform extracts of A. latifoloium, A. evecta and M. fraxinea may possess wound healing, anti-diuretic, anti-parasitic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial cytotoxic, anti-neoplastic, insecticidal, anti-diabetic, anti-feedent and antioxidant activity. The chloroform extracts of the studied ferns may act as alternate natural medicine in the pharmaceutical industries.

Keywords: Phytoprofile; Secondary metabolites; ferns.

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