Abstract
SUSHRUTA SAMHITA- AN ANCIENT TEXT OF ART OF SURGERY

Dr. Asheesh Gautam* and Prof. Lakshman Singh

ABSTRACT

Sushruta is considered as one of the earliest surgeons of the recorded history. His contributions to surgery are well recognized for his innovative method of Rhinoplasty, Extra Capsular Lens Extraction in Cataract, Anal and Dental surgeries etc. Shushruta was one of the first to study the Human Anatomy, with the aid of a dead body. Shushruta has described surgery under eight heads, as asth-vidh shastra karma, along with some parasurgical procedures like Kshara, Agni And Jalauka Karma. Sushruta has also designed various types of Shastra, along with various Yantra and Upyantras used to aid/ease surgical procedure. He also described various medications; concepts of pre and post operative care of patient which are used as such even in present era. Shushruta has given detailed description of management of wound (shasthi upkrama), types and management of Bhagna (fracture). Shushruta has also described the gradual development of foetus inside womb of mother, along with sign and symptoms of still birth, intra-uterine death of foetus. The latest definition of state of Health given by W.H.O. is influenced with the defition of Swasth given by Sushruta. Though the surgical society has evolved with time, but the basic concepts of surgery described by Sushruta are still applicable and relevant in this era.

Keywords: Sushruta, Surgery, Marmas, Rhinoplasty, Swasth, Shastra Karma, etc.


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