Abstract
RETENTION AND FACTORS AFFECTING PRIMARY HEALTH CARE WORKERS OF PUBLIC HEALTH CENTERS IN JIMMA ZONE, OROMIA REGION, AND SOUTH WEST OF ETHIOPIA. 2017/18”

Tura Koshe Haso*, Sheka Shemsi Seid and Shamsedin Amme Ibro

ABSTRACT

Background: Retention reflect some minimum length of service and it is crucial in delivery of health service. In developing and middle income countries low staff retention and shortage of human resources for health are factors that are disabling health systems and health care provisions .Therefore this study is aimed at identifying factors affecting retention of Primary Health Workers Working at Public Health Centers of Jimma Zone of Ethiopia. Methods: This facility based was a cross-sectional study, pretested questionnaire were self-administered to 307 health workers from various clinical specialties. The responses were collected and analyzed; results were presented in frequency and tables. Results: This study revealed that considerable proportions, 41.7% of the participants were not retained towards providing routine health care of clients. Job satisfaction and professional advancements were factors positively affecting retention of the respondents. Respondents’ attained professional advancements were 3.5 times more likely retained than those not advanced providers. Likewise, the odd of being retained for those satisfied at their job was 5 times higher than those unsatisfied at their jobs. Conclusions: Significant numbers of the primary health care providers participated in this study were found to be intended to retain towards jobs. Job satisfaction and professional advancements were factors influencing job retention among the primary health care providers. Therefore, administrative measures should be placed aiming at raising the primary health care providers’ retention.

Keywords: Retention, Primary health care, health care workers, Ethiopia 2017/18.


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