Abstract
IMPACT OF GLYCEMIC LEVELS IN TYPE 2 DIABETES ON PERIODONTITIS

Dr. Kathan Bhagirath Nayak*

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim is to study the effect of glycemic level in Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular risk factors on periodontal health. Materials and Method: Type 2 diabetic and non diabetic patients in the age group of 30-50 years (n = 100) were recruited for the study. Periodontal examination included as follows: Probing depth, clinical attachment level (CAL), gingival recession, and bleeding on probing. Periodontitis was diagnosed based on the CAL levels and diabetes was diagnosed based on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels. Conclusion: HbA1c and lipid levels were statistically significant with the severity of periodontitis Smoking and obesity were also found to be significantly associated with the presence of periodontitis). The study concluded that uncontrolled HbA1c levels and elevated cardiovascular risk factors significantly increase the severity of periodontitis in Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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