Abstract
THE REHABILITATIONAL EFFECT OF CONVALESCENT HOMES: A MULTICENTER CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Tesfatsiyon Mammo Ergando*, Suveenkrishna Pothuru, Hadeel Marwan Mohammad Atoum, Tamara Altaweel, Ijeoma Josephine Nwogu, Mohit Girish Bhagia, Muhammad Ahsan Shafiq, Hana Raza, Himani Bhatt and Erum Noor

ABSTRACT

A convalescent home is a place that provides residential care to patients of long term illnesses e.g. stroke, cancer, dementia, Alzheimer’s and people who are recovering after an operation or surgery. Rehabilitation services include physiotherapy, occupational therapy, speech/swallowing therapy, balance therapy, psychiatric therapy, vision therapy, diagnostic services, medical, and recreational therapies. Objective: To know the effect of rehabilitation services provided in convalescent home. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Study setting and duration: Convalescent centers in Lahore, Karachi, Enugu and Mumbai. (6 months duration). Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was conducted. A total of 1000 subjects were included. Sampling was done by simple random technique. Data collection was done after taking informed consent of the residents of convalescent home. Frequencies and percentages of various rehabilitation services were calculated. Data was analyzed by using SPSS version20.0. Duration of study was 6 months. Results: In the study, a total of 1000 people participated. The analysis of demographic profile of the study group illustrated that the majority were females- 71% while 29%were males. Most of the subjects (84%) were above the age of 30, whereas 16%were below the age of 30. 62% of the subjects were uneducated. Out of 1000 subjects 62% were Cancer patients and 22 % were satisfied with availability of doctors. The patients in our study were overwhelmingly satisfied with the rehabilitation services, in which out of the 1000 patients, 84% had reported of being provided with a physiotherapist, and all 1000 patients were provided with services such as sanitation, electricity/generator facility, air conditioning, washroom access, scheduled medical checkups. Over 95% of the patients reported as being satisfied with the food, diagnostic services, entertainment, access to the doctor's office, nurse’s station and to the prayer room. Overall 95% of all 1000 patients saw improvement in disease. Conclusion: 95% of the subjects included in our study noticed an improvement in their health condition after admission into convalescent home. Thus, rehabilitation services have a beneficial effect on the health of patients admitted into convalescent home.

Keywords: Effect, Rehabilitation sevices, Convalescent home.


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