Sarita Jangra Bhyan*, Ashoke K. Ghosh, Dharmendra Singh Yadav,
Arun Kumar and Sheetal Singh Tomer


Cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus are common comorbidities. Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients, exacerbated by hypertension, myocardial infarction, stroke, angina pectoris, hyperlipidemia etc. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder, which is characterized by chronic hyperglycemia and disturbances of the metabolism of carbohydrate, fat and protein that resulted due to defects in insulin secretion, action or both of them. People with diabetes are prone to increased risk of many cardiac problems. There are some therapies proven helpful to reduce CVD risk in patients with DM as guidelines for lifestyle modification (physical activities, balanced diet, and proper body mass index) and CVD risk factor (blood pressure, cholesterol and blood lipids, glycemic control, etc) management for the prevention of CVD among patients with T2DM. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a highly common complication and the first cause of death in patients with haemodialysis (HD) also. Patients with diabetes exhibit an increased risk for cardiovascular complications, such as acute coronary syndromes, stroke, heart failure, or arrhythmias, as diabetes facilitates changes in the cardiovascular system of these patients. The present review study was conducted to assess cardiovascular risks factors for coronary heart disease among diabetic patients in the world suffering from CVD in diabetic conditions.

Keywords: Cardiovascular disease, Diabetes mellitus, Chronic kidney disease, Myocardial infarction, Angina, Haemodialysis.

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