Abstract
AWARENESS OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY AMONG NEWLY DIAGNOSED DIABETIC PATIENTS

Maryam Tariq, *Ahmed Sohail, Ubaidullah Jan and Dr. Sidra Hasnain

ABSTRACT

Background: Diabetic retinopathy is a visual threatening disease. Diabetes and other chronic diseases are a burden to human health and resources. Diabetic retinopathy damages the blood vessels in the retina. In diabetics high blood sugar damage the wall of the blood vessels of the retina. Newly diagnosed diabetic patients were targeted in this study. Objectives: To find out how many patients of diabetes were aware of diabetic retinopathy. Material and methods: A cross sectional study was conducted at Lahore diabetic and endocrine center Lahore. Questionnaires consisting of items assessing the knowledge of diabetes and its severity were distributed to the participants of this study. Results: A total of 203 patients were selected to interview them about the awareness and knowledge of uncontrolled diabetes and its complications. 197(97%) were aware about the diabetic retinopathy and 6(3.0%) were unaware about it. Conclusion: There were however little or no knowledge of its severity and its risk factors. Therefore, there is a need of increasing the awareness and also the provision of access to retinopathy screening services to the patients. Comprehensive awareness is needed to educate diabetic patients on diabetic retinopathy.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, diabetic retinopathy, Awareness of retinopathy.


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