Abstract
EFFICACY OF REMOTE DIELECTRIC SENSING FOR HEART FAILURE READMISSIONS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

Tolulope Babalola, Frederick Ferguson, Taiwo Ogundipe, Blessing Tobechukwu OJinna*, Besar Mati, Shaymaa E. Abdelmalek, Kwaku Agyeman-Duah, Maryam Ahmed, Khadija Gohar, Benka Marie-Judith Sayo, Ransirini Tharaka Wijeratne, Ademidun O. Ayoade, Adewale Mark Adedoyin and Chidera Philippa Ekpo

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The efficacy of remote dielectric sensing among patients with exacerbations of heart failure remains unclear. This review aimed to identify studies assessing the effectiveness of remote dielectric sensing among patients with heart failure who have recently had an exacerbation. Methods: Three databases, including PubMed, Cochrane, and Google Scholar, were searched by three independent reviewers. Results: A total of 985 patients across seven studies were assessed in the systematic review. The readmission rate was lower by 10% to 87% in the group monitored with remote dielectric testing. Subgroup analysis indicated lower readmission rates within 1-3 months of receiving inpatient or outpatient care for HF exacerbation and lower length of stay with inpatient care. Conclusion: Remote dielectric testing significantly reduced readmission rates within three months of being hospitalized for heart failure exacerbation compared to conventional methods. Further studies are required to understand the impact of dielectric testing on specific endpoints such as mortality rates, adjustment of medications, and overall quality of life.

Keywords: remote dielectric testing; heart failure; readmission; hospitalization; length of stay; efficacy.


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