Abstract
ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF LEAF EXTRACTS OF JATROPHA CURCAS AGAINST FUNGAL PATHOGENS OF VEGETABLE BEANS

Suman Saini*

ABSTRACT

The present study was conducted with an aim of determining antifungal activity of leaf extracts of Jatropha curcas which belongs to the family Ehuphorbeaceae. The leaf were collected and shade dried and extracted using aqueous, ethanol, methanol and acetone in soxhlet assembly. Antifungal activity of leaf extracts in different solvents were tested against fungal pathogens of vegetable beans using disc diffusion method. The results revealed that the methanol leaf extracts were very effectively inhibited the fungal pathogens of vegetable beans followed by ethanolic extract. Aqueous and acetone extract gave minimum inhibitory activity. The present study confirmed that Jatropha curcas plant leaf extracts can be used to develop the plant based biofungicide to control the fungal pathogens of vegetable beans that can reduce the dependence on the synthetic fungicides and are ecologically safe and cheap. The preliminary phytochemical screening of Jatropha curcas showed alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids and reducing sugars are present in leaf extracts prepared in different solvents while phenols and tannins are present in all solvents except acetone.

Keywords: Jatropha curcas, Disc diffusion method, Antifungal, Soxhlet assembely.


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