Abstract
THE INFLUENCE OF SALTS STRESS ON SOME GROWTH MORPHOLOGY OF (MELON PUMPKIN) Cucurbita maxima Duchesne GROWN IN-VITRO

*Umoh, S. F., Okon, J. E. and Ekpe, E.

ABSTRACT

The influence of different salts (KH2PO4, CaCl2 and MgSO4) stress on some growth morphology of (Melon Pumpkin) Cucurbita maxima were studied in-vitro in the laboratory. Melon pumpkin seeds were surface sterilized and then sown into petric dishes packed with cotton wool. Growth parameters were determined two weeks after germination using standard procedures. The morphological studied included seedling height, leaf area, root length, percentage germination and moisture content. Salts salinity has deleterious effects on many food crops especially in morphology of the plants. It was observed that with the increase in salinity levels plants growth was adversely affected which showed the melon pumpkin was highly sensitive to salinity and increased level of salinity has lethal effects on it resulted reduction in growth parameters. This results is of great economic significance to abiotic stresses like water stress, salt stress, metal stress etc., can cause an increase in the active principle contents in medicinal plants and this will be helpful for the cultivation of this plant in salt affected areas.

Keywords: Cucurbita maxima, morphology, salt stress, parameters.


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