Abstract
ASTHMA SOCIO DEMOGRAPHICS, CAUSES, RISK FACTORS, SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS, TYPES, COMPLICATIONS AND MANAGEMENT IN ROYAL MEDICAL SERVICES JORDAN

M. ALMaita, A. Halalmeh, M. Alshoura, M. Alqaraleh, S. Obeidat and S. Aldaradkeh*

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Asthma is a respiratory disease well seen in all age, and in queen aliaa hospital it is frequently seen in internal medicine and in respiratory clinic. Asthma patients complain mostly of wheezy chest, cough, shortness of breath, dyspnea. Mostly seen in winter comes as attaches, it is a chronic situation mostly improves with age but if continues it becomes a medical situation which must be deal with it. Asthma may be improved with many preventive and medical measures. Sometimes preventive measures don’t completely control the situation and need medication intake it may be inhalers, oral tabs, steroids or more than one kind. Methodology: Prospective prevalence study was conducted; a team of six doctors will full fill the survey and increase patient understanding of the disease. The target sample was from patients who will visit internal medicine clinic in queen alia military hospital at royal medical services between (2023-2024), this study will discuss socio-demographics, symptoms, signs, treatment measures, risk factors, types and causes. Analysis is done by SPSS 21 program. Results: Results discuss four main tables, table number one studies socio-demographics of Asthmatic patients, and in this table, it showed that patient’s age who visited the clinic younger than 20 years old was statistically significant it was 76.8%, and those patients who were smokers and complained of asthma had a significant statistical relation with asthma it was 59.2%. In table two types of asthma were studied, this table showed that the main type seen in our internal medicine clinic was mild intermittent asthma, were patients complained of symptoms fewer than two times a week result showed that 66.6% of patients who visited the clinic had this type. Second most common type was mild persistent asthma, were symptoms appear more than two times a week, but no more than once a day this type was 16.6%. Conclusion: This study was conducted to clear the preventive measures effect in asthmatic patients. In addition, it is obvious it needs more studying. In addition, management of asthmatic patient is variable according to type of asthma and severity of the situation. Education of families on signs and symptoms is so important to let community be aware that disease must be diagnosed early to have better prognosis.

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