Abstract
TRAVERSING THE CONCEPTS OF SIDDHA PRANAYAMAM WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO ADVERSE REACTIONS

R. Kayathri*, Kavitha U., Thomas M. Walter, A. Rajarajeswari and Abdul Kader Jeylani

ABSTRACT

Background: Pranayamam = pranan + iyamam - Regulatory methods of breathing. There are many types such as Naadishodhana, Sheethali, Ujjayi, Kapalpathi, Viloma, Anuloma, Brahmari, Bhastrika and many gurumuraigal such as 'Thirumoolar pranayamam', 'vaanmeegar pranayamam', 'pathanjali pranayamam'. Breathing exercises have been practised by people all around the world with and without the proper advice of physicians. Pranayamam has numerous benefits but can cause harm with error performance due to misguidance and self-induced. Aim: This presentation is here to discuss the adverse reactions of the pranayamam to wrong practices and their possible underlying mechanisms. Methods: Data were obtained by searching the books 'Thirumanthiram - moolamum urayum''Agathiyar sowmiya saagaram', 'Pathinen Siddhar Varalaaru', 'Siddha Maruthuvam Sirappu', 'K.Chembulingam's Essential of Medical Physiology' and also searched online scholarly articles in PubMed, Google scholar, science direct by using keywords. Corresponding data are kept for the base. Some case studies and clinical trials are collected and included. Conclusion: To attain wholeness and increase efficacy, a physician should know the possible positive and negative outcomes of therapy. As per the words, 'The weapon is not important; the way we use it is important' Our ancestors gave us powerful weapons and also listed out their marvels and limits. For the correct usage, high-quality trials and proper vigilance are required.

Keywords: Siddha medicine, Thirumoolar pranayamam, siddha pranayamam, Adverse reaction, Therapovigilance.


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