Abstract
THE PATTERN OF HOOKAH USING AMONG HOOKAH USERS IN ZAHEDAN, SOUTHEAST OF IRAN, 2015

Hossein Ansari, Mohammad Edris Arbabshastan*, Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi, Younes Mohammadi, Mohammad Taghi Arbabisarjou

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose: Hookah using is one of main social problems among young adults that is increasing yearly. This study was aimed to evaluate the pattern and situation of hookah using among hookah user in Zahedan, Southeast of Iran, 2015. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study carried out on 600 hookah users of Zahedan city in 2015.The map of the Zahedan was divided to 5 districts (north, south, east, west and center). Then a start point selected randomly and all persons of the first hookah place were studied. Then with referring to next nearest hookah place, all persons in it were studied too. The sampling continued until all needed questionnaire filled in each districts. The data was collected using questionnaire and interview. The data were analyzed in Stata.12 software using Chi-square and Independent T test. Results: The mean age of the starting for hookah using among male and female was 17.1±6.13 and 21.2±5.6, respectively. About 53% of subjects used hookah in groups and 41.8% used hookah at least once a month. The odds of hookah using in group was related to marital status (P=0.001), living place (P=0.0001) and job status (P=0.003). On that other hand the chance of using hookah every other day was more among singles (P=0.002), males(P=0.0001), subjects lost one parent (P=0.005) and the persons with lo educational level (P=0.0003) than the other groups. Conclusion: The pattern or levels of consumption and situation of hookah using are the most important factors in increasing the using hookah among adolescents that are related to some demographic characteristics of the users. However, have a good plan according to effective variables in this study could be helpful in decreasing and changing the pattern of hookah using among adolescents and young adults.

Keywords: Hookah, hookah users, Zahedan.


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