Vinod S. Mule*, Yash S. Aroskar, Omprakash G. Dabholkar, Dhanashri P. Chaudhari, Pranay P. Palkar, Nikita B. Parab, Priyesh L. Panchal and Vijay A. Jagtap


The plant Cynodondactylon, Family (Gramineae/ Poaceae) is widely utilized in clinical treatment, However there have been reports of number of different pharmacological action. It is a perennial herb that grows in several locations of India. It is known by various names in Indian languages, including Durva (Marathi), Durba (Bengali), Dhro (Gujarati), Garichgaddi (Telugu), Arukampillu (Tamil), and Shataparva (Sanskrit). It is pretty well - known plant that is practically universally accessible. The plant Cynodondactylon is utilized in ethnomedical practices to treat variety of ailments and has pharmacological effect. The plant has a high content of many types of metabolites, including minerals, proteins, carbs, β-sitosterol, alkaloids, tri-terpenoides, glycosides, steroids, tannins, saponins, resins, phytosterols, reducing sugars, and fixed and volatile oils. The plant exhibits a wide range of biological activities, including functions related to wound healing, the central nervous system, the heart, the blood vessels, the gastrointestinal tract, immunity, antioxidants, immunology, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic, anticancer, diuretic, protective, antimicrobial, and antiparasitic qualities. The plant has been long used in the traditional medicines to treat various ailments such as anasarca, cancer, convulsion, cough, cramps, diarrhea, dropsy, dysentery, epilepsy, headache, hemorrhage, hypertension, hysteria, rubella, snakebite, sores, stones, tumors, warts and wounds. The many pharmacological activities and therapeutic qualities of Cynodondactylon are represented in the current review.

Keywords: Cynodondactylon, Chemical Constituents, Pharmacological Activities.

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