Abstract
MULTIPLE MYELOMA

Dr. P. Jijiya Bai*, Dr. Shyamala Srujana, Dr. R. Asok Kumar, Dr. O. Shravan Kumar

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Multiple myeloma is a malignant disease characterised by proliferation of clonal plasma cells in the bone marrow and typically accompanied by the secretion of monoclonal immunoglobulins that are detectable in the serum or urine. It is the second most commonly diagnosed hematologic malignancy with an annual incidence and prevalence in the United States of approximately 15,000 and approximately 45,000, respectively. The incidence is higher with increasing age (median age at diagnosis 67 yr). Multiple Myeloma accounts for approximately 1% of all malignancies and 10% of hematological malignancies, representing the second most frequently occuring hematological malignancy in the united states.[1] Aims & Objectives: 1) To study hematological findings and biochemical parameters in plasma cell Myeloma. 2) To determine optimal diagnostic markers. 3) Evaluation by international staging system. Materials & Methods: A total of 2458 hemograms over a period of 2 years were studied. 24 cases showed rouleaux formation & increased ESR. These cases were further evaluated with clinical history, hematological investigations, biochemical analysis and radiological findings. Results: 24 cases were analyzed, which showed raised ESR and severe anemia in all the cases. Haematological investigations including bone marrow examination, urine examination confirmed the diagnosis and all the pateints were graded according to recent staging system. Conclusion: Current research goals are to further increase our knowledge, to identify additional targeted therapies, and to reduce adverse effects and improve response rate. This review focuses on recent clinical advancement in myeloma strategies with additional discussion dedicated to emerging drugs that may prove beneficial to patients with this disease.

Keywords: Plasma cell neoplasm, multiple Myeloma post germinal center B cell.


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