Abstract
ANALYSIS OF PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF WHOLE PLANT EXTRACTS OF CROTALARIA HEBECARPA (DC.) RUDD.

R. Srinivas, P. Jyothi Chaitanya*, N. Lakshmi Bhavani and Umme Tameem

ABSTRACT

Phytochemical analysis for whole plant extracts of Crotalaria hebecarpa is carried out in the present study. Whole plant extracts of Crotalaria hebecarpa were extracted separately with ethanol, methanol, Petroleum ether, acetone and water screened for phytochemical constituents. In the present analysis ethanol, methanol, Petroleum ether, acetone and water extracts of Crotalaria hebecarpa whole plant extracts were subjected for phytochemical studies. Different tests were conducted for phytochemical analysis. During this study we found that the presence of saponins, cardio glycosides, reducing sugars, alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols, monosaccharides, anthocyanins and tannins. Water extracts and petroleum ether extracts showed more phytochemicals than the acetone, Ethanol and methanol. Cardioglycosides, saponins, tannins, monosaccharides and Flavonoids are more in water and petroleum ether than the other solvents. Flavonoids are only observed in water not observed in extracts like ethanol, methanol, Petroleum ether and acetone. Whereas Phenols only observed in petroleum ether not in ethanol, methanol, acetone and water extract. Acetone Extracts showed low phytochemicals than methanol, ethanol, water and petroleum ether extracts.

Keywords: phytochemicals, Crotalaria hebecarpa, Whole plant extracts.


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