Abstract
VARIATION IN THE BRANCHING PATTERN OF FEMORAL ARTERY IN A MALE CADAVER: A CASE REPORT

Vanitha*, Gajanand R. P., Chandrika G. Teli and H. S. Kadlimatti

ABSTRACT

Femoral artery entered the femoral triangle deep to the inguinal ligament. It gave lateral circumflex femoral artery (LCFA) immediately below the inguinal ligament passes deep to the femoral nerve without dividing it, branches into descending and transverse. Transverse branch again divided into ascending and lateral branch. About 3 cm below the inguinal ligament femoral artery gave profunda femoris artery (PFA) from its posteromedial side. PFA ran downward behind the femoral artery and vein, underwent a straight course ends by piercing adductor magnus. PFA gave medial circumflex femoral branch about 5 cm below the inguinal ligament from its medial side and 3 perforators. Remaining course and branches of femoral artery was normal. Knowledge of site of origin of branches of femoral artery is important in arteriography, hip replacement surgeries. Its circumflex branches used in vascular reconstructive and coronary artery bypass surgeries. This case report may be useful for surgeons and radiologists.

Keywords: Axis atery, arteriography, circumflex branches, Femoral artery, perforators, profunda femoris,


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