Abstract
REVIEW STUDY ON AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF PAKSHAGHATA

Nitesh Anand, *Kimmi Seth, Sanjay Kumar Singh

ABSTRACT

In the present developing World, human habits and life style are continuously changing without any consideration of their benefits or harms. Adaptation of new diets, maintenance of wrong postures, avoidance or over-indulgence of exercise, suppression of natural urges, anxiety, strain etc. of the present life are becoming responsible for increasing the incidence of Vatavyadhi like Pakshaghata (Hemiplegia). In Ayurvedic text there are 80 Nanatmaja vyadhies which are attributed to Vata dosha, Pakshaghata is one of them. Pakshaghata is a disabling disease which is manifested as paralysis of one side of the body caused by vitiation of Vata dosha. Acharya Sushruta has described the disease under Mahavaatvyadhi prakarana. There is dominancy of vata dosha in Pakshaghata its main clinical features are Vaakasanga (slurring of speech), Sandhi bandh shaithilya (weakness of muscles), Vaktradavakra (mouth deviation), Spurana of jihva (fasciculation of the tongue), Cheshta Nivritti (impairment of motor function) and Cheshta Nasha (loss of consciousness). When the vitiated Vata follows Dhamanis, spreads in upwards, downward and in oblique direction, sometime it enters into head and affect the Dhamanis of right or left half of brain, it produces symptoms like Sandhibanhan Vimochhayan means dislocation of joint and Sharirardhkarmanya Achetanam means loss of function of half of the body. Hemiplegia is a highly prevalent disease of todays era and can be correlated with Pakshaghata in which there occurs paralysis of one side of the body. Stroke is the most common cause of this disease which lefts the diseased to live a monotonous and still life. In modern science, its treatment mainly includes surgery, rehabilitation, physical & occupational therapy which helps in some extent to overcome the disabilities related to the disease. In Ayurveda Vata prakopa aahara & vihara are considered the main causative factors for the disease Pakshaghata and its principle of treatment mainly involves : Nidana parivarjana , Shodhana & Shamana which not only can add years to the life of the patients having Pakshaghata But can also add LIFE, to the years of the patients.

Keywords: Hemiplegia, Pakshaghata.


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