Abstract
A REVIEW OF A POTENTIAL HYPOGLYCEMIC PLANT (ENICOSTEMMA LITTORALE BLUME)

Dr. Amarnath Shukla*

ABSTRACT

In the Traditional system of medicine (TCM) spicily in Ayurveda there is several medicinal plants are mentioned. Ayurvedic materia-medica call as Nighantu described lots of useful medicinal plants with their properties, action and morphology.Among them Enicostemma littorale (Mamajjaka or Chota-Chirayata) is a glabrous perennial herb belongs to family Gentianaceae. It is traditionally used as antidiabetic, urinary astringent, antiperiodic, anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, laxative and carminative. It possesses antioxidant, hypolipidemic, antimicrobial, antinociceptive, antiedematologinic, antitumor activities. Enicostemma littorale Blume is a plant with a number of antioxidative phytochemicals, which include alkaloids, catechins, saponins, sterols, triterpenoids, phenolic acids, flavonoids and xanthones.This review provides a bird's eye view about geographical distribution, physicochemical parameters, phytoconstituents and pharmacological properties of E. littorale.

Keywords: Enicostemma littorale, Hypoglycemic,Ayurveda.


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