Abstract
HAEMOGLOBIN AND BODY MASS INDEX LEVELS OF HIV INFECTED CHILDREN ATTENDING GOVT. GENERAL HOSPITAL, VIJAYAWADA, KRISHNA DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA

Naladi Baratha Jyothi, Pothula V. V. Satish, Kochara Suresh Babu and Kanikaram Sunita*

ABSTRACT

The present communication deals with the profile of HIV infected children belonging to pre-HAART (pre-Highly Active Anti Retroviral Therapy) era and HAART era to know the status of anemia and growth pattern who attended the ART centre, Govt. General Hospital, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India. A cross-sectional record based study was carried out in 95 HIV infected children visiting ART centre from April, 2012 to April, 2015. Hemoglobin, height, weight, BMI, waist and hip ratio were calculated according to the standard protocols. According to the present study 95 subjects of age group 1-20 years were chosen. The subjects in pre-HAART era (24) subjects showed low level of Hb content from < 6 to < 8 gm/dL 6.3 gm/dL and the mean BMI level was from < 18.5 to < 24.9. The study patients in HAART era (60 subjects) shown low Hb content from < 6 to < 8 gm/dL at baseline but increased up to 11 to < 12 gm/dL after follow-up treatments and the body mass index (BMI) level in most of the subjects was from < 18.5 to < 24.9 but increased to > 30 after follow-up treatments. But out of 95 children, 11 (12%) children died due to HIV infection during the study period. Among these 11 children, 4 were of male and 7 were of female children. Thus, in our study, the finding of anemia and poor growth in Indian children reinforces the prognostic significance of HIV infection.

Keywords: Pre- HAART era, HAART era, Haemoglobin level, Body Mass Index.


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