Abstract
STUDIES ON THE INFECTION OF TUBERCULOSIS AND HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) AMONGST PATIENTS ATTENDING MGBUNDUKU CHEST CLINIC IN DIOBU PORT HARCOURT, RIVERS STATE.

*Mbata C. A., Nyenke C. U., Aleru C. P., Nwagu C. and Adewoye M. O.

ABSTRACT

The research was conducted to examine the rate of co-infection of Tuberculosis (TB) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) amongst patients attending Mgbunduka Chest Clinic in Diobu, Port Harcourt, Rivers State. A total of 800 sputum and blood samples were collected from patients in the clinic. Sputum was examined by microscope which is the gold standard while HIV test was carried out using Determine test Assay technique and stat-pak Assay technique. The positive cases for Tuberculosis were 160 (20%) made of 85(10.63%) males and 75 (9.3%) females. The positive cases for HIV were 254 (31.75%) of which III (13.88%) were males and 143 (17.8%) were females. The number of Co-infected cases were 37(4.63%) of which 16(2.0%) were males and 21(2.63%) were females. The age interval examined were between 5-74. The least infected age group were between 65-74years. Out of total of 35(4.3%), 1(0/13%), 8(12) and 0 were infected for Tuberculosis HIV and Co-infection cases. The most populated group of 25-34 with a total of 299 (37.38%) subjects of which were 55 (6.87%), 94 (11.75%) and 20 (2.50%) were infected for Tuberculosis HIV and co-infection subjects. Statistically, there was significant rate of co-infection cases (P˂0.05) and no significant relationship between TB and HIV cases (P˃0.05) in both sex and age interval. This study has shown that a more serious attention should be given to TB/HIV co-infection rates through increase awareness, counseling and treatment.

Keywords: Co-infection, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Tuberculosis, Lymphadenopathy, Heterosexual.


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