Abstract
A STUDY TO EVALUATE THE PRESCRIPTION PATTERN OF ANTIBIOTIC IN PEADIATRIC WARD OF A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Prashant Chandrawal*, Prashant Mathur and Preeti Kothiyal

ABSTRACT

Aim: Study of prescribing pattern of antibiotics in peadiatric of a tertiary care hospital. This study were conducted to assess the patterns of antibiotics and to suggest necessary modifications in prescribing practices to achieve rational therapeutic practices. Method: A prospective and observational study were carried out at the 1000 bedded SMI Multispecialty Hospital, Dehradun, (Uttarakhand) from August 2015 to September 2015. The demographic data, disease data and the utilization of different classes of antibiotics as well as individual drugs were analyzed using descriptive analysis. Results: A total of 100 patients were enrolled in the study. Out of 89 patients included for the study, 65 (61.2%) were males and 24(38.8%) were females, Out all patients 2 patients had an age of 0-28 days, 28 patients were the age of 28-2 years, 31 patients were the age of 3-11 years, 40 patients were the age of 12-18 years. Included for study, 75(84.27%) patients were prescribed Cephalosporin's, 17(19.11%) patients were prescribed with Penicillins, Followed by 14 (15.73%) patients were prescribed Nitroimidazole, 5(5.61%)patients were prescribed Fluoroquinolones, 13(14.60%) patients were prescribed aminoglycosides, 12(13.48%) patients were prescribed other antibiotics and 5(5.61%) patients were prescribed macrolide. Conclusion: The present study on antibiotics drug prescribing patterns in medical peadiatric unit can provide a framework for continuous prescription audit in the Peadiatric unit. Overall extensive poly-pharmacy and poly-pharmacy among antimicrobial agents were noticed.

Keywords: Drug utilization, Antibiotics, peadiatric unit, Polypharmacy.


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