Abstract
ACYL AND AROMATIC ESTERS AND PALMITOYL ?-D-GALACTOSIDE FROM SUAEDA MARITIMA (L.) DUMORT.

Mohammed Ali*, Shahnaz Sultana, and Showkat R. Mir

ABSTRACT

Suaeda maritima (L.) Dumort. (Chenopodiaceae, Amaranthaceae), occurs as an annual, erect, glaucous or green herb in India, Europe, Mediterranean region, Asia, Australia, North America, Argentina, Egypt and Canada. The plant is used to treat liver diseases; the leaves are taken as a remedy for liver, heart and lipid disorders. The whole plant powder was extracted with methanol and extract was concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain a dark brown viscous mass. It was adsorbed on silica gel (60-120 mesh) and subjected to chromatography over silica gel column packed in petroleum ether. The column was eluted successively with petroleum ether, chloroform and methanol in order of increasing polarity. Three acyl esters characterized as decyl oleate[1], lauryl oleate[2] and stearyl oleate[3], three aromatic esters viz., 3-methoxybenzyl oleate[4], cetyl dihydrocaffeate[5] and stearyl dihydrocaffeate[6] and an acyl galactoside identified as palmitoyl β-D-galactoside[7] were isolated from the whole plant. The structures of all the isolated phytoconstituents have been established on the basis of spectral data analysis and chemical reactions.

Keywords: Suaeda maritima, whole plant, isolation, acyl esters, aromatic esters, palmitoyl ?-D-galactoside, characterization.


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