Abstract
PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS USING A NOVEL SUBSTRATE: SOLANUM TUBEROSUM

Neha Nohwar, Sayali Upasham*, Shruthi Nair and V. Snehapriya Shyamprasad

ABSTRACT

Cellulose is the most abundant polysaccharide on earth and is an integral part of the cell wall of plants. In majority of plants this cellulose is present in a combination of hemicellulose, lignin and pectin. This property of plants can be exploited to gain a biotechnologically useful product which is Cellulose nanofibers. This paper mainly deals with the production of cellulose nanofibers from potato peels (Solanum tuberosum), using a chemical approach, where other non-cellulosic components are broken down to obtain pure cellulose, also their characterization using sophisticated technologies like FTIR, XRD, SEM and TEM analysis is discussed. Characterisation methods confirmed the formation of cellulose nanofibers in the range of 15 nm to 58 nm. Furthermore, this paper also discusses the future scope of Cellulose nanofibers obtained using potato peels and also suggests areas concerning applications which are yet to be touched upon.

Keywords: Cellulose nanofibers, FTIR, Biotechnology, Solanum tuberosum peels.


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