Abstract
DETERMINATION OF THE PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF ACORUS CALAMUS

S. Viji*, S. Kurumaran and S. Nethaji

ABSTRACT

Ethanol extracts of Acorus calamus rhizome was used traditionally in India for the treatment of many diseases. The present study was investigated for invitro antimicrobial activity against pathogens namely Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus pyogenes, Pseudomonas auroginosa, Klebsiella pnemonia, Aspergillus nĂ­ger, Trichoderma viride and Candida albicans using the well diffusion method. The results relevant that the rhizome extract possessed the highest inhibitory activity against both bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus in 20 mm) and fungi (Candida albicans in 12 mm). In parallel study was performed to identify the distribution and the concentration of the active compounds in rhizome of this plant. For this purpose we have prepared alcoholic extracts from each part of the plant and we have studied them separately.

Keywords: Antimicrobial activity, Acorus calamus, Phytochemical analysis.


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