Abstract
A CRITICAL REVIEW ON DANTI (BALIOSPERMUM MONTANUM WILLD.) WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AYURVEDIC NIGHANTUS (LEXICONS.)

Dr. Siba Prasad Rout*, Rabinarayan Acharya and Shibani Dash

ABSTRACT

Plants have been stayed as an incredible source of medicines from the dawn of civilization. In today’s era, the whole world is emphasizing upon the evidence-based researches. Nighantus, the Ayurveda lexicons, not only help enormously to know the meanings of cryptic names of medicinal plants but also describes their pharmacological properties, actions, and indications. Danti botanically identified as Baliospermum montanum Willd is a well-known medicinal plant, envisages to possess numerous medicinal properties. Informations pertaining to the drug Danti is also well depicted in all classical Nighantus. However, a single hand information regarding Danti, its properties and actions is not available. Hence, the present paper highlights the gathered evidences of Danti from available 24 nighantus. The study reveals that, about 78 synonyms were used to describe the botanical characters as well as its pharmacological properties like; leaves of this plant is sinuately toothed; Danti, leaves look like the leaves of Ficus hispida (Linn.); Udumbaraparni, roots are similar to the tusk’s of elephant in colour and shape; Danti, flowers contain nectar gland (stipular gland); Madhupuspa, fruits are similar to those of castor with mottled seed; Chitra, Upachitra. It is being attributed with 7 chikitsa upayogi (useful in treatment) properties like deepana (appeizers), pachana (digestive), virechana (purgative), bhedana (emollient laxative) etc. It is also found that Danti has been indicated in 19 clinical conditions like udara (abdominal disorder), kustha (skin-disorders), arsha (piles), krimi (worm infestations) etc. Findings of this review may enrich to documentary research as well as act as an evidence-based information concerning Danti and its usages with reference to Ayurvedic Nighantus (lexicon).

Keywords: Baliospermum montanum, Danti, Evidence, Nighantu, Nikumbha.


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