Abstract
IN-VITRO EVALUATION OF THE ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF THONNINGIA SANGUINEA, VAHL (BALANOPHORACEAE) ON MULTI-RESISTANT STRAINS OF ESCHERICHIA COLI ISOLATED FROM CHICKENS WITH COLIBACILLOSIS.

Kamagaté Tidiane*, Sanogo Moussa, Ouattara Abou, Touré Abdoulaye, Coulibaly Adama, Ouattara Karamoko

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro activity of the aqueous extract of Thonningia sanguinea on multiresistant strains of E.coli of avian origin. The method of the wells in agar and that of the dilution in liquid medium (Muller Hinton broth) were used for the determination of the antibacterial parameters (MIC and MBC). The tests were caried out on 4 strains of E.coli isolates from dead broiler chickens. The MIC obtained was 1.25 mg/mL for the E.coli No. 011 and No. 221 followed by 2,5 mg/mL for the E.coli No. 131 and No. 179. For each of the 4 strains, MBC was 2.5 mg/mL. The extract was bactericidal on all the strains studied. These results suggest that T.sanguinea could be used as an alternative in the treatment of colibacillosis in broiler chickens.

Keywords: Broiler chicken, Thonningia sanguinea, aqueous extract, Escherichia coli, colibacillosis.


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