Abstract
EVALUATION OF PHARMACOGNOSTIC, PHYSICO-CHEMICAL AND PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF SCLERIA LITHOSPERMA LINN (CYPERACEAE) WHOLE PLANT.

Manasa Chiduruppa*, Devidi Swetha, Asra Jabeen, Rahmat Taha Khatoon, B. Kranthi Kumar, 6Mohammed Akbar Mansoori

ABSTRACT

Scleria lithosperma L. belonging to the family Cyperaceae is a perennial plant grown in shady trails, fertile, pine rock land, common along the streams, tanks, hill slopes and rocky areas. It is found in India in the areas of Tirumala, Chittoor District, A.P. The Pharmacognostic studies of the plants revealed the microscopic, macroscopic and physiochemical features of the whole plant. The Preliminary Phytochemical examinations showed an evidence for the presence of chemical constitutents - steroids, saponins, glycosides and flavanoids. Methanolic, Ethanolic and Chloroform extracts showed the presence of Glycosides, Flavanoids, Saponins and Steriods while the aqueous extract showed only positive result for the presence of Saponin glycoside. It was also observed that methanol gave the highest percentage yield.

Keywords: Pharmacognostic, phytochemical, physico-chemical, evaluation, preliminary tests.


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