Abstract
ASSESSMENT OF MEDICINAL PLANTS WITH ANTI DIABETIC ACTIVITY: AN ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL APPROACH

V. S. Undal*

ABSTRACT

Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels that result from defects in insulin secretion, or action, or both. There are lots of synthetic drugs present in the market for the treatment of diabetes but they are prone to noxious effects to human systems. Herbal medicine is gaining popularity both in developing and developed countries because of their natural origin. Medicinal plants which have potent anti hyperglycemic effect have been identified and proved experimentally by many people around the world. The effects of these plants may delay the development of diabetic complications and correct the metabolic abnormalities. In this review an attempt has been made on most popular medicinal plants with potential antidiabetic significance, their modes of action together with the method used for their assessment. The study recovered 37 plants of 27 families, with Papilionaceae showed more (4) plant species. The list of plants with proven antidiabetic and allied beneficial effects and of herbal drugs used in management of diabetes is compiled. This work stimulates the researchers to promote research on the prospective use of medicinal plants having antidiabetic potential, in the field of pharmacology and therapeutics.

Keywords: Diabetic mellitus, Medicinal plants, Hyperglycemic effect, Insulin secretion.


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