Abstract
A REVIEW ON TRADITIONAL USES OF VIOLA CANESCENS

Devender Sharma*, Hemraj Vashist and R.B. Sharma

ABSTRACT

Viola canescens commonly known as Himalayan White Violet belongs to Violaceae family. It is found in the Himalayan regions of India, Bhutan, Nepal and Pakistan. It is a perennial herb which mostly prefers to grow in the shady and moist places. V. canescens is an important medicinal plant which is mostly used in the traditional medicinal system for cough, cold, flu, fever, and malaria and is also given as anticancerous drug. So far, violin (alkaloid), viola quercitrin, methyl salicylate, and saponins are the different phytochemicals which are extracted from this plant. Molecular studies on V. canescens suggest that, in case of adulteration in the powdered form of Viola species, they can be distinguishable by the lengths of their spacer regions. Because of the overexploitation of V. canescens for medicinal purposes, the conservational status of V. canescens in different regions became endangered. It is the need of the hour to utilize different conservational strategies and save this precious medicinal wealth from extinction. The medicinal importance of Viola canescens is importantly needed to be brought in notice of every concern man. therefor the present study has been focused on the review of literature on this plant.

Keywords: Viola canescens, Violaceae, Alkaloid, viola quercitrin, methyl salicylate, saponins.


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