Dr. Ravi Kant Prajapati, Dr. Ajai Kumar Pandey, *Dr. Mangalagowri V. Rao


Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a clinical syndrome characterized by hyperglycemia, with or without glycosuria and disturbances in carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism resulting due to the absolute or relative deficiency of Insulin secretion and/ or action. Type II diabetes (NIDDM) is commonest type of DM, accounting for almost 90% of all diabetic cases. It is one such disorder which is identified as a potential risk factor for diseases like cardiovascular diseases, metabolic syndromes and hypertension. The conventional management of DM is progressive and it is associated with many complications. The researchers and scholars are inclined towards other system of medicine to evolve newer remedial measures. In Ayurveda yava and yogic practices are mentioned as an important dietary & psychosomatic tool for care and cure of DM. Yava or Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is one of the most ancient cereal and best pathya in madhumeha as per Ayurveda. Yoga being a mind- body therapy has been shown to be a simple and economical therapeutic modality that may be considered as beneficial adjuvant for type 2 diabetes. Hence to establish the effect of Yava based diet and Yogic practices, study entitled ‘‘Role of Yava (barley) based diet and yogic practices in management of madhumeha (Diabetes mellitus)” was conducted. Materials and Methods: A total of 60 patients of Type II DM were selected based on the fulfillment of diagnostic criteria and randomly allocated into 3 groups (20 patients in each group) after getting their written informed consent. Group A: (Control) Ongoing Ayurvedic Treatment, Group B: Ongoing Ayurvedic Treatment + Yava based diet, Group C: Ongoing Ayurvedic Treatment + Yava based diet + Yogic practices. All the patients were advocated general pathyapathya and were assessed before treatment and at an interval of every month upto 3 months. Results and Conclusion: On intra-group comparison all the three groups were showed significant results with respect to most of the objective and subjective parameters. Among three groups, Group C was effective showing the synergistic effect of Yoga and yava based diet. The treatment is cost effective and devoid of side effects, so it can be applied in the community easily.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Prameha, Madhumeha, Yava, Barley, Yogic practices.

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