Abstract
PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPARTIES, PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND USES OF MEDITIONAL PLANT FICUS RELIGIOSA LINN. (MORACEAE)

Kesab Shrestha, Janmajoy Banerjee* and Ashis Shrestha

ABSTRACT

Ficus religiosa linn. known as Pippal (peepal) in nepali, Asvatthah in saskrit, belongs to family Moraceae. It is a species of fig native to Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri-lanka, South wast china. It is widely being used to treat various diseases like skin diseases, constipation, dysentery, snakebite and important constituent of traditional herbal preparation like chandraprabha vati shankha vati and kaminivindravan rasa. Bark powder is used to treat hypoglycemic, stomatitis and aphrodisiac. Stem bark is used for the ulcer treatment, asthma, parasympatholytic, viral infection, bacterial infection, protozoan infections, relaxant possess spasmolytic effects on smooth muscles and skin diseases. Latex has curing activity for toothache.The fruit extract have antitumor activity and is used to cure purgative and aphrodisiac. Ficus is used extensively used in traditional systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha in the form of various formulations. Bark is used in healing ulcers, various skin diseases and scabies and in treatment of diabetes, the root bark is stated to be aphrodisiac. Ficus religiosa has been investigated for presence of a wide range of phytochemical constituents like alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, tannin, terpenoids, sterol, volatile oils, carbohydrate, fatty matter, phytosterols, furanocoumarin derivatives, phenolic compounds etc.This compilation provides comprehensive review of its ethnopharmacological use, pharmacological activities, traditional use and medicinal use.

Keywords: Ficus religiosa, pharmacological activity, traditional uses, Phytochemical screening,


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