Abstract
BURDEN OF INSOMNIA AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH CO-MORBIDITIES AMONG GERIATRIC PATIENTS AT A SECONDARY CARE RURAL HOSPITAL IN DELHI

Amit Kumar*, Bratati Banerjee, Piyush Kumar Gupta, Saket Parashar, Dalveer Singh, Vijeta Ujjainia

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Insomnia is defined as difficulty in initiating or maintaining sleep or non-restorative sleep associated with daytime consequences such as fatigue, decreased concentration, or daytime distress. The elderly are also vulnerable to long term diseases such as cardiovascular illnesses, stroke, cancers, diabetes, musculoskeletal and mental illnesses like dementia depression or insomnia. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted over a period of two months among the geriatric patients attending a geriatric clinic at a secondary care rural hospital in Delhi, India. Total of 100 patients participated in the study aged 60 years and above. A pretested semi structured interview schedule containing items on demographic profile and co morbidities was used. Insomnia was assessed by insomnia-screening tool. The study was approved by institutional ethical committee. Informed consent was taken from all participants. The data was analysed using SPSS version 17.0 and p value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Out of 100 subjects, 46% were males and 54% were females. Around 42.5% of males and 57.5% of females were in 60-69 years age group. The mean age of male and females were 67.5 (±5.9) and 64.4 (±4.4) years respectively. Conclusions and Recommendations: The geriatric population has high burden of insomnia substance abuse, respiratory problems and refractive errors were found to be associated with insomnia.

Keywords: geriatric, insomnia, co-morbidities, rural.


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