Abstract
PREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS A AND E IN ACUTE VIRAL HEPATITIS PATIENTS ATTENDING A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN SOUTH INDIA

Dr. Raja Mukherjee*, Dr. Saswati Chattopadhyay, Prof. Dr. P. Sreelatha, Dr. Kalidas Rit, Dr. Tapajyoti Mukherjee, Dr. Surya Jyati Chaudhuri

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: Worldwide, viral hepatitis causes substantial morbidity and mortality in both developed and developing countries. Hepatitis A & E viruses, important causes of acute viral hepatitis, are transmitted by the fecal-oral route. Poor personal hygiene and inappropriate sanitary conditions favours their spread. The study aimed to assess the prevalence of both the viral infections in patients of acute viral hepatitis. Materials and Methods: Blood from 88 acute hepatitis cases of both sexes and of all age groups were collected from April 2011 to March, 2012. The serum was separated from the blood samples and IgM ELISA was conducted on them. Results and Conclusion: - 21 cases (24%) were sero-positive for Anti-HAV and 4 (5%) for Anti HEV. Males had higher prevalence (27.27%) of HAV infection while females (5.45 %) of HEV. More no. of cases was in the months of July- August. Thus sanitation and poor living standard play an important role in hepatitis A and E transmission.

Keywords: Hepatitis A, Hepatitis E, fecal-oral route.


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