Abstract
EFFECT OF REMOVABLE PARTIAL DENTURE ON PERIODONTAL HEALTH

Sarika Prakash Lawande, Shine Mary Sam, Neha Rana, Himanshu Thukral*, Amit Khatri, Animesh Misra, Manbir Khurana

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the effect of removable partial dentures on the periodontium of the abutment teeth in comparison with that of the remaining dentition, and to investigate the effect of regular checkups on periodontal health for patients using this type of prosthesis. Methods: Thirty-six patients wearing removable partial dentures for at least one year were included in the study. Teeth used as removable partial denture were considered as the study group, while the remaining dentition in the same jaw was considered as the control group. The following periodontal parameters were registered for each tooth, plaque and gingival indices, clinical attachment level and tooth mobility. Patients were divided into two groups as regular and irregular attendants. Results: Among the 36 patients, 15 were regular attendants. A significant difference in clinical attachment level and plaque accumulation was detected between study and control group of teeth. In addition there was a statistically significant difference in all periodontal parameters between regular and irregular attendants. Conclusion: Teeth used as direct clasp removable partial dentures are more periodontally affected than the remaining teeth. Patients with removable partial dentures should be included in regular periodontal and oral hygiene recall appointments.

Keywords: Removable partial denture, Periodontal health, Regular checkup.


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