Abstract
IDENTIFICATION AND ANTIBIOGRAM OF THE MICROORGANISMS ISOLATED FROM THE POST OPERATIVE SURGICAL SITE INFECTIONS AMONG THE PATIENTS ADMITTED IN THE HOSPITAL TMMC&RC, MORADABAD.

Prem Prakash Singh, Dr. Rehana Begum, Dr. Sudhir Singh, *Mukesh Kumar Singh

ABSTRACT

Post operative infections are the major problems that cause complications of surgery leading to increased morbidity and mortality. So the aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of surgical site infection in the patients who had undergone surgery. This study was conducted in Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College and Research Center. 100 patients attending the hospital for surgery were observed for post- operative surgical site infection. Pus samples and discharges from wound were collected. These samples were tested by direct microscopy for the presence of gram positive and gram negative organisms. Organisms were isolated by culture techniques and identified by various biochemical tests. Antibiotic sensitivity test was done by disc diffusion method. Post operative infection was prevalent on 80% of patients who underwent surgery, the prevalence was much higher in male patients (60%) and in the age group 0-20 (82%). The rate of infection was high in orthopedic ward (77.5%) and for the patients undergoing trauma surgery (80%). The most common bacteria isolated was Staphylococcus aureus (37.5%) and least one was Acinetobactor spp (2.5%). Different isolates showed varius sentitivity patterns to various antibiotics. This study gives us an insight to the current state of causative pathogens and their antimicrobial sensitivity from surgical site infection. The study shows that Gram negative rods were resistant to conventional antibiotics and single drug therapy would not be useful against Gram-negative bacteria. Combined therapy has shown some usefulness for treating the wound infection.

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