Prof. Annal Angeline*, Joyce Yesudas, Nisha John and Elizabeth Serin Raj


Breast cancer is the main and foremost cause for death related to cancer worldwide. Globally it was estimated as 8.2 million people died of with various types of cancer. In 2012 1.7million women were diagnosed with breast cancer. It is very common in the developing countries like India. Diagnosis of breast cancer in early period allows women to select more treatment choices and gain greater hope of prolonging the survival period. It is recommended that women above 20 years of age has to do breast self examination to detect new lumps or growth on the breast. WHO estimates that breast cancer kills more than 500,000 women globally every year. Despite of huge efforts to increase the level of breast cancer awareness, BSE is still poorly practiced among women. Early detection of breast cancer can be achieved through a combination of monthly breast self examination. There is also low awareness of important lifestyle factors that could prevent breast cancer. Though the knowledge is provided regarding breast self examination the attitude towards this procedure of doing breast self examination is very poor. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of self-instructional module on knowledge and attitude regarding breast self-examination among Teachers in selected higher secondary schools, Kollam. Quasi experimental research design was used for this study. purposive sampling technique was used. The sample size for this study was sixty. thirty in experimental group, thirty in control group. The result shows that of age distribution majority of the samples (55%) were above the age group 40 years. Out of 60 samples(75%) of the participant had completed degree in their educational qualification, (91.67%)of the participant had no history of breast diseases in the family, regarding the marital status (88.33%)were married, with regard to number of children in the family (75%)has more than two children. Out of 60 participant (63.33%)were residing in urban, and source of information regarding breast diseases (55%) of the samples received information from media only (18.33%)got the information from health professional. Effect of instructional module on knowledge regarding breast self examination the result of the study revealed that the calculated t value is (7.47) at the table value of ( 2.00) is greater than the table value, so there was significant difference in the knowledge level in post test after the intervention. The mean post test score of experimental group and the control group is „ t value (4.57) is greater than the table value (2.00), there is significant improvement in the knowledge level through the intervention. Effect of instructional module on attitude regarding breast self examination in the experimental group shows pre-test and post-test attitude „t‟ value (7.40) is greater than the table value (2.05), so there was significant increase in the attitude level of the participants.thus the study proves that instructional module is effective in imparting knowledge.

Keywords: Breast Self Examination, Self Instructional Module, Effectivness Knowledge, Attitude.

[Full Text Article]   [Download Certificate]


Forgot Password  |  Register


Best Paper Awards

European Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences (EJBPS) will give best paper award in every issue in the form of money along with certificate to promote research activity of scholar.

Best Article of current issue :

Dr. Dhrubo Jyoti Sen

Download Article : Click here

News & Updation


    MARCH 2024 Issue has been successfully launched on 1 MARCH 2024.

  • EJBPS New Impact Factor

    EJBPS Impact Factor has been Increased to 7.482 for Year 2024.

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJBPS Received Index Copernicus Value 77.3, due to High Quality Publication in EJBPS at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.


  • Article Invited for Publication

    Dear Researcher, Article Invited for Publication  in EJBPS coming Issue.


UG/PG/Ph.D Research Publication

Research Scholar of UG/PG/Ph.D can Submit their Research Article/Review Article/Case Study/Short Communication for Publication in EJBPS


Copyright From

Covering Letter

                        Author Instruction