Abstract
STUDY OF THE PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF ACALYPHA INDICA

K. Radhika, A. Kavitha Amirthanayagi and V. Ramamurthy*

ABSTRACT

Ethanol extracts of Acalypha indica were used traditionally in India for the treatment of skin diseases. The present study was investigated for invitro antimicrobial activity against pathogens namely Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus pyogenes, Pseudomonas auroginosa, Klebsiella pnemonia, Aspergillus nĂ­ger, Trichoderma viride and Candida albicans using the agar well diffusion method. The results relevant that the plant leaf extract possessed the highest inhibitory activity against the bacteria (Klebsiella pnemonia in 22 mm) and fungi (Aspergillus in 15 mm). Among the leaf extracts of Acalypha indica possess the highest inhibitory activity then the root extracts. In parallel study was performed to identify the distribution and the concentration of the phytocompounds in the roots and leaves of this plant. For this purpose we have prepared methanolic extracts from each part of the plant and we have studied them separately.

Keywords: Antimicrobial activity, Acalypha indica, Phytochemical analysis.


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