Rajalakshmi K.*, Vikram Kumar and R. Jeeva Gladys


The incidence of nephrolithiasis is a major problem worldwide and it is increasing at a higher rate in the recent decade. It is otherwise called as kidney stone or Urolithiasis that depends on various factors like gender, diet, obesity and age. Apart from surgical procedures many Siddha formulations are used to treat this condition. Kalladaippu Kudineer is a drug formulation used in the traditional Siddha system of medicine for the treatment of kidney stone. Standardization of herbal medicines is very important criteria which include harvesting, drying, storage, transportation and processing that may affect the quality of herbal drugs. Correct identity and authentication of materials used are most important step in standardization procedure. In the present study a detailed microscopic evaluation of anatomical study herbal ingredients of Kalladaippu Kudineer was performed. Plant anatomical studies were done for the ingredients of kalladaippu kudineer Tribulus terrestris, Aerva lanata root, Pavonia odorata root, Crateva religiosa bark of the Kalladaippu Kudineer. The anatomical characteristic of the plant tissue parts were carefully collected and slides for each part were prepared with great care and later visualized using different magnifications of Nikon lab photo 2 microscopic Unit. This study had provided the in depth analysis of the of the herbal plant part used in the Kalladaippu Kudineer and thus it helps in the genuine identification of the plant part at a species level and it serves as a gold standard procedure when compared to the visualization through the naked eye.

Keywords: Drug Standardization, Microscopy, Kalladaippu Kudineer, pharmacognostic techniques.

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