Vrushali Dhongade, Oluseyi Abidoye, Bhargav Muppaneni, Stephanie Ogbonda, Sarah Walter John, Abhishek Vadher* and Rono Korra


Introduction: There is a high prevalence of low serum testosterone in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Many studies have reported that there is a high prevalence of low serum testosterone in men with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The symptoms of low serum testosterone are loss of libido, erectile dysfunction, reduced muscle mass, low energy, increased adiposity. In this study, we tried to determine the level of serum testosterone in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Methods: A total of 241 patients were taken in the study. Out of this, 121 patients had type 2 diabetes mellitus and 120 were normal. For diagnosis of diabetes HbA1c level of ≥ 6.5 was taken. Serum testosterone levels were measured in all the participants. Results: The mean age of the participants was 46.95±6.89 in diabetic patients and 45.86±5.45 in the controls. Average height was 168 ±5.3cm in the diabetic patients and 170 ±4.2cm in the normal population. Average weight was 73 ±6.5kgs in the diabetic patients and 69 ±7.4 in the normal population. The mean serum testosterone levels in the diabetes population was 312±14.6 ng/dl and in the control population was 678±17.5ng/dl. On applying chi square test, the p value was calculated to be 0.02. This shows the difference is statistically significant. Conclusion: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with low levels of serum testosterone levels.

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