Dr. Rangarajan B.*, Dr. Divya L. Durgad and Dr. Muralidhara


Backgroumd: Gulma is a disease caused by Vata. The word meaning of Gulma is Lata i.e. a shrub or bush. It is a Shoola Pradhana Vyadhi. Deranged Agni (Digestion & Metabolism) and Kshaya of the Dhatu (Tissues) are the chief causative factors, which provoke Vata either because of the increase in its Ruksha Guna (Dryness) or because of Avarana caused by other subtypes of Vata / Pureesha (feaces) / Mootra (Urine) / Kapha) / Pitta and Aama. Material and methods: The ways of understanding & concept of Gulma according to our Acharyas are different. The analogy, keen observation and the way of understanding of the concept of Gulma according to different acharyas concept helps a lot in our clinical practice. Objective: Here an attempt is made to understand and apply the treatment principles of Gulma based on the Guna and Karma. Discussion and conclusion: Gulma is a very unique disease in Ayurveda, which is a vatapradhana kosthagata roga, signifying a group of diseases with pain and localised abdominal lump as the cardinal features along with many gastro intestinal symptoms. Its correlation with a single modern disease in not possible at all. Because, it covers a group of diseases occuring intra-abdominally ranging from simple gaseous bstruction in the intestine to an incurable malignant condition including intra-abdominal abscess as one of its chronic condition.

Keywords: Gulma, Shoola and Agni.

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