Hassen A. H. Bennasir*, Abdul Qayoom Mir and Qurratul Ain Maqbool


A clinical study was undertaken on pathological, economical and therapeutic aspects of bovine ketosis. Highest prevalence was recorded in the age group of 8 to 9 years and during 1 – 2 months post-partum. The major clinical symptoms observed were sudden drop in milk yield, selective feeding, wasting and depression. There were no significant changes in Hb, PCV and TEC values in ketotic animals, whereas, a significant increase in TLC and eosinophil count was observed. Hypoglycemia and increase in blood urea nitrogen and free fatty acid levels were the major biochemical observations recorded in ketotic animals. The economic implications of the disease were worked on the basis of drop in milk yield, cost of treatment and management. Among the three treatment regimens tested, oral glucose therapy following premedication with sodium bicarbonate was found to be the most effective treatment giving a 100 per cent recovery rate and is recommended for field use on account of its efficacy, convenience and economic viability when compared with the other therapeutic regimens like parenteral glucose and corticosteroid therapy. Therefore, oral glucose therapy- a new approach in the treatment of bovine ketosis was successfully evaluated and validated in the present study.

Keywords: Hb, PCV and TEC.

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