Abstract
ASSESSMENT OF BREAST FEEDING AMONG CHILDREN WITH ASTHMATIC IN MEDICAL CITY / BAGHDAD

Taif Noori Abdul Hameed*

ABSTRACT

Background: Breast feeding is the ideal method for infant's nutrition, is considered as the first immunization dose which can protect the infant from several diseases. It is reducing the incidence of allergies such as asthma and eczema because contain a large amount of immunoglobulin and it is antibodies gave greater immunity. Aim of the Study: to describe the association for breastfeeding and children with asthmatic at the age 2 - 5 years age old. Methods: a descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Medical city in Baghdad for six months started from the 1st February till the end of July 2018. The data were collected from the out patients and in- patients of departments Medicine city in Baghdad. one hundred and thirty cases randomized convenient sampling procedure by using a special questionnaire design by the researcher, it included information about the demographic characteristic (Age, Gender, Family history), disease duration, smoking status in family, animals live with patient, etc….). in addition, its filled by direct interview for previously diagnosed children with asthma attending the outpatient and inpatient departments of medicine city in Baghdad. the data analysis by the STATA version 14. we used the frequency and percentage, chi square and value to find any association between the variables on the p= value 0.05. Results: One hundred and thirty cases with the mean age 3.5 and SD 0.095 (95% CI 3.3267, 3.7040). The higher rate was 56.1% in the age groups (4-5) years, the number of male cases 68.5% more than female cases. Also, 36.2% of mothers had intermediate education, 35.4% of fathers had university education, 83.8% were housewives and 55.4% were gainer. Conclusions: we conclude that the mixed feeding is a popular in this study. then, the cat was the most type of animal which is living with them. Most cases living in smoker environment. also, there was highly significant relationship have been found between age groups, presence of animals in the house with the type of feeding P. value <0.001. we need to evolved caregiving patterns and the role of others in feeding practice will enhance public health outreach. Avoidance of tobacco smoker exposure and food allergies during the first 4 months of life and feeding.

Keywords: Child, Breastfeeding, Asthma, Cats, Baghdad.


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