Abstract
THE PERCENTAGE AND CAUSATIVE AGENTS OF HBV INFECTION IN JORDAN

Nawal S. Faris*

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B is a serious liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus. For some people, hepatitis B infection becomes chronic, meaning it lasts more than six months. Hepatitis B is a common global health problem and is spreading rapidly in developing countries due to lack of health education, poverty and illiteracy. This infections can be transmitted through blood or body fluids, drug addiction, tattooing, through infected instruments, unsafe shave by barbers and sexual contact. Medical personnel are most exposed to these infections. There should be proper preventive measures to prevent its spread in the community. The aim of this study to analyze the percentage of male and female infected with the HBV in Jordan during the period 2016-2017. The causes of the HBV infection was analyzed.This is a descriptive study carried out on 1800 adult patients in the Department of virology at Central Laboratory of the Ministry of Health in Amman the capital of Jordan using a Bioelisa HBs Ag is an immune enzymatic. We conclude that the a total 106 male patients were gave positive results for HBsAg, with an overall prevalence of 8.8%. The total 54 female patients were gave positive results for HBsAg, with an overall prevalence of 9%. The most commonly caused of HBV infection was blood transfusion, drug addiction, kidney dialysis, and unknown cause. so we conclude that viral hepatitis among the apparently healthy population of a relatively natural and pollution free environment refers to an alarming condition about liver infections, particularly of HBV in Jordan.

Keywords: Hepatitis B infection. in Jordan.


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