Abstract
ASSESSING PLASMODIUM SPP AND LEUCOCYTOZOON SPP IN INDIGENOUS CHICKEN FROM SOUTHEASTERN CÔTE D’IVOIRE

Kan Frédéric N’Dri, Nawolo Yéo and Yahaya Karamoko*

ABSTRACT

This study carried out in the Southeastern area of Côte d’Ivoire from May 2017 to March 2018 in order to determine the prevalence of Plasmodium spp and Leucocytozoon spp in indigenous chicken. A total of 239 blood samples were collected by puncturing the brachial vein from chickens of both sexes. The study was done in two Regions: Abidjan District (Abidjan and Bingerville) and Ayeby Tiassa (Agboville and Sikensi). Microscopic technique has been used to determine the prevalence of Plasmodium spp and Leucocytozoon spp from the smear of chickens. Leucocytozoon spp was absent from the chickens. In addition, the chickens were infected by Plasmodium spp (8.36%). Prevalence of Plasmodium spp was higher in males (13.04%) than in females (5.44%). Adult chickens also showed a higher rate of 11.11% compared to younger which had 6.71 %. Plasmodium spp was more detected in rainy season 11.66%) than in dry season (5.04%). Moreover, chickens were most infected in Abidjan District (11.66 %) than in Ayeby Tiassa Region (5.04 %).

Keywords: chicken, Plasmodium, Leucocytozoon, Côte d’Ivoire.


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