Abstract
MEDICATION ERRORS: ROLE OF CLINICAL PHARMACIST IN A TERTIARY CARE HOPITAL

A. Ramya, SK. Shama*, M. Sumavarsha, P. Pradeep, Nadendla Rama Rao

ABSTRACT

A Non-experimental prospective interventional study has been carried out in a tertiary care teaching hospital of General medicine department for a period of 12 months i.e. March 2014-February 2015. The data is collected from the prescription through treatment chart review and by interviewing the patient during the ward round participation in Inpatient ward of general medicine department. The main objective of this study is to magnify the errors that occur unintendedly in a clinical setting and where clinical pharmacist plays his role as an entity of health care team. Totally 182 medication errors were identified and intervened during the period of March 2014 to February 2015 of which errors of prescribing are 28% among them incorrect drug selection are 12%, and errors of dispensing and administration are 72% among them omission of medication (23%), incorrect medication (17%) are commonly observed. All the medication errors were informed and discussed with the physician and some with the nursing staff, among them 71% was accepted, rectified and corrected through intervention. This study strongly spotlights that, Clinical Pharmacist as a part and parcel of health care system plays a major role in identifying, rectifying and modifying the medication errors that helps in achieving better outcomes.

Keywords: Medication errors, Clinical Pharmacist, Prescription Review, Patient Interview.


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